Wednesday, August 09, 2006

Exploring The Sixties!!

Exploring the Sixties!!

Events of the Decade:
1.Peace Corps
Peace Corps started when men and women from the America volunteered to work abroad for 2 years to help solve main problems that the communities were facing and developing the world. They helped people to be more educated by being a teacher in elementary and secondary school. The volunteers also helped people to protect their environment and how to use it in a useful way. This people also brought back the better knowledge of the cultures and people of other countries.
2.Vietnam War
As the 1960s began, the Vietnam War had started as well. There was a debate between politicians. The problem started when North Vietnam wanted to take over South Vietnam and turned South Vietnam into Communists. The South didn’t like that actions and so they tried to fight back, and so American came in and started to fight and supported the South Vietnam. Everything was getting worse in 1968 when North Vietnam began to attack South Vietnam and it was know as “Tet Offensive”
3. France Becomes a Nuclear Power
Due to the wars in Indochina in the 190s, France was determined to develop nuclear weapons. With the help from Britain and the orders President De Gaulle, France created a fission type nuclear bomb and first exploded it on February 13, 1960 in Algeria. France then develops its own hydrogen bombs, and first detonated it on August 24 1968 over the Pacific.

People of the Decade:
1. Martin Luther King Jr.
He believed in Human rights in which all human should have equal rights and opportunities. In 1963, he made a speech “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character…” He tried to get equal right for black people in America including his son. People should be judged by their talents, not skin color.
2. Dr. Denton A. Cooley- Pioneer of Heart Transplants
Dr. Cooley was the first one to be success at removing pulmonary embolisms. He also tried to develop artificial heart valves and so he got the highest honor. Later in May 3, 1968, he had his first human heart transplants performed to a 15 years old who had died and her heart still beating and giving the heart to a 47 years old man. The old man actually survived for 207 days after the transplanted heart.
3. John Fitzgerald Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was a famous politician of the 1900s, and was elected for President in November 1960. In 1961, the Bay of Pigs fiasco, a plan to invade Cuba, caused a major embarrasment to the Kennedy Administration. Then came the Cuban Missile Crisis, when Russian ballistic missiles were placed in Cuba. Kennedy chose to create a naval blockade of Russian ships, and in a few weeks the Russians agreed to withdraw and tensions were relieved. During the Cold War Kennedy established the Hot Line, a direct communications system between him and the Russian President. The Test Ban Treaty was signed in 1963 to ban atmospheric nuclear tests. Kennedy was assassinated on Novermber 22 1963 by a sniper, and until this day the exact details of the event are still unknown.
Technological Improvement of the Decade:
1. Invention of Computer Mouse
The very first computer mouse was invented between 1963 and 1964 by Dr. Doug Engelbart as part of his experiment to find a better way to point and click on the computer’s screen. The first mouse was made by wood with only one button like shown in the picture.
2.Air Purifiers
In the beginning of 1960, many people got sick because of the air pollution inside the house. In 1963, Klaus and Manfred Hamme had come up with the residental air purifiers. Manfred had asthma so he was finding a solution to it so that he would had better conditions. The air purifiers help filter the dust so that people won't take it in their body and get sick easily.

Famous Musician:
1.The Beatles
The Beatles become international rock music in 1961. It was one of the most famous bands in the world that influenced today’s music. The Beatle consisted of 4 members which were John Lennon (guitar/harmonica), Paul McCartney (guitar and piano), George Harrison (guitar and sitar), and Richard Starkey (drums). Their first single was “Love me do” which become popular world wide.

Popular Consumer Product:
1. Timex
In the 20th Century Timex created watches that are durable, easy to produce and cheaper than Swiss watches, making it the most popular brand in America in the 1960s.

Important Scientific Discoveries of the Decade:
1.Neil Armstrong- Discoveries of the Moon
In July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong was the first one to step on the moon’s surface and he came up with his most famous statement “That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind”. Armstrong and Aldrin collected some samples from the moon’s surface to do experiment on it and also took some photographs. There were 11 astronauts altogether in this trip and after returning to the earth, they all were being honored as the first to explore the moon.

Extra Information:
1. Clothes
In the 1960s, or the sixties, people mostly wear....
-Go-go boots
-Pill box hats
-Shift dress
-Baby doll dress
-3/4 length sleeves
-Nehru Jackets
These were the fashion of the sixties.

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